Delta Hedging Strategies - Delta Neutral Hedging in Options Strategy with Example
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Delta hedging strategies seeks to be directionally neutral by establishing offsetting long and short positions in the same underlying. By reducing directional risk, delta neutral hedging can isolate volatility changes for an options trader.
What is Delta Hedging in Options ?
One of the options Greek Delta is a ratio—sometimes referred to as a hedge ratio—that shows the rate of change in the price of the derivative option with respect to the 1 rupee change in the price of an underlying asset. Delta hedging in options refers to this hedge ratio. A simple delta hedging strategies involves buying and selling options and then offsetting the delta risk by buying or selling an equivalent amount of stock or ETF shares. Options traders use the value of delta to identify how many options contracts are needed to hedge a long or short position in the underlying asset. We will understand this with delta hedging strategy example later on this page.
What is Delta Neutral Hedging ?
It is a delta hedging option strategy that utilizes multiple positions to balance positive and negative deltas so that the overall delta of the assets will be zero. Delta with zero value is called neutral delta. Therefore this delta hedging option strategy is called delta neutral hedging. A delta-neutral portfolio nullifies or offsets the response to market movements for a certain range to bring the net change of the position to zero. In delta hedging strategies the value of delta of the overall position keeps shifting as the price of the underlying stock or ETF changes. Therefore in delta neutral hedging, if the investor wants to maintain the delta neutral position, he needs to continuously adjust the position. The disadvantage of this delta hedging option strategy is the commissions and costs as it involves buying and selling options multiple times that ultimately impact the profitability of the delta hedging in options.
Understanding Delta Hedging Option Strategy
Now that you know about delta neutral hedging. Let's understand how delta hedging in options works using delta hedging option strategies. Hedging in finance means protecting your investments against any unfortunate movement in the market. Stock market traders use various strategies and delta hedging strategies are some of them. These strategies in options hedge or lower the risk linked with an asset’s price movement. It ensures that the risk is cut by setting up short and long positions for the underlying asset at the same time so that the directional risk is cut down and a state of neutrality is achieved. You will get a clear understanding of this when you will study the Delta hedging strategy example later in this article.
What are Delta Hedging Strategies ?
Depending on the asset or portfolio of assets being hedged there are various delta hedging strategies to reduce market risk in the stock market. Amongst them, three popular delta hedging strategies are portfolio construction, options, and volatility indicators. Modern portfolio theory (MPT) uses portfolio diversification to create groups of assets so that the volatility gets reduced. With the help of some statistical measures, MPT determines an efficient frontier for an expected amount of return for a defined amount of risk. This theory examines the correlation between different assets and the volatility of assets to create an optimal portfolio. Here we have explained more about delta hedging option strategy with Delta hedging strategy example below.
Delta Hedging Strategy Example
Let's understand delta hedging in options with the help of the Delta hedging strategy example. Consider that SPY is trading at ₹205 per share and an investor buys a call option with a strike price of ₹208. Assume the delta for that call option is 0.4 and each option is the equivalent of 100 shares of the underlying stock or ETF. Now according to the delta hedging strategies the investor can sell 40 shares of SPY to offset the delta of the call option. By doing this what will happen is that even if the price of SPY goes down, the investor is protected by the sold shares. We can say that the investor has a delta-neutral position in his portfolio that is not impacted by minor changes in the price of SPY.